Science drives progress across all fields. Early-stage research plays a critical role in scientific discovery, yet it can be more difficult for scientists early in their careers or early in tackling a research question to secure funding. PCLB, therefore, invests in fellowships to support early-stage research, so that scientists can pursue new ideas and uncharted paths. As examples, PCLB has supported fellowships at research incubator organizations like the Research Corporation for Science Advancement and at traditional research institutions like the Smithsonian.